The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, Vol 10, No 3

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Considerations regarding the contents and applicability of fiscal mechanisms influencing the economy in the modern society

Marius Frunza


Having the character of exogenous variables under the incidence of the fiscal policies promoted by the groups that hold the power in the state, the fiscal mechanisms influencing the economy stand out by their complex contents, given in principle by the high degree of diversity of the use of fiscal instruments within them. By organizing and adjusting the fiscal flows, in the modern society they are also attributed the capacity of correcting the dysfunctionalities and derangements generated by the manifestation of phenomena with negative impact, including the ones induced by the cyclic character of the economic activity. Their action is essentially comprised in the wider sphere of the use of taxes and public expenses. From this point of view, in the modern society, the diversity anifested as regards the existence of several main variants (types) of the same, among which the ones centered on influencing the demand, is admissible. Particularly, the latter were the ones that - after remaining in the shadow for the last three decades of the past century - found broad applicability in the contemporaneous society. Their objective support was the context of the strong decrease in the aggregate demand and in which some monetary mechanisms froze. In principle, the applicability of the fiscal mechanisms of keynesian type was marked, from one country to another and even in the same county, as shown by the empiric data, by a set of references, which left their mark to different degrees on them, influencing the global economic performances.

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                     Ştefan cel Mare University of Suceava                   Faculty of Economics and Public Administration


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